Profile 网络社会年会

第四届网络社会年会-网民21报告人內森·施奈德 | 新创公司需要一个新选择:退向社群

內森·施奈德是科罗拉多大学博尔德分校的媒体研究助理教授,带领该校的“媒体企业设计实验室”。他的最新著作是《为每个人准备的一切:正在塑造下一个经济的激进传统》,由Nation Books出版;先前的两本著作《证明中的上帝:从远古时代到互联网的搜索故事》以及《感谢您,无政府状态:占领启示录》,均由加利福尼亚大学出版社出版。其文章散见《哈泼》、《国家》、《新共和国》、《高等教育纪事》、《纽约时报》、《纽约客》等,并定期在天主教周刊《美国》发行每周专栏。他曾在哥伦比亚大学、福特汉姆大学、哈佛大学、麻省理工学院、纽约大学、博洛尼亚大学和耶鲁大学等大学任教。2015年,他在纽约的新学院联合组织了关于民主在线平台的先驱性会议“平台合作主义大会”,并共同编辑了后续书籍《Ours to Hack and to Own:平台合作主义的兴起,未来工作的新愿景与更公平的互联网》。 

Nathan Schneider is an assistant professor of media studies at the University of Colorado Boulder, where he leads the Media Enterprise Design Lab. He is the author of Everything for Everyone: The Radical Tradition that Is Shaping the Next Economy, published by Nation Books, and two previous books, God in Proof: The Story of a Search from the Ancients to the Internet and Thank You, Anarchy: Notes from the Occupy Apocalypse, both published by University of California Press. His articles have appeared in publications including Harper’sThe NationThe New RepublicThe Chronicle of Higher EducationThe New York TimesThe New Yorker, and others, along with regular columns for America, a national Catholic weekly. He has lectured at universities including Columbia, Fordham, Harvard, MIT, NYU, the University of Bologna, and Yale. In 2015, he co-organized “Platform Cooperativism,” a pioneering conference on democratic online platforms at The New School, and co-edited the subsequent book, Ours to Hack and to Own: The Rise of Platform Cooperativism, a New Vision for the Future of Work and a Fairer Internet. Follow his work on social media at @ntnsndr or at his website, nathanschneider.info.

演讲摘要

Startups Need a New Option: Exit to Community

当一家新创公司进行初期投资时,通常都期望朝以下两种”退场”事件努力:将公司出售给更大的公司,或通过首次公开募股的方式出售给散户投资者。本次演讲探讨了可以帮助新创企业创建一个新选项的策略:退向社群。在E2C(Electronic Energy Coin)这个以区块链为基础的绿能科技交易平台上,公司的所有权将从投资者转移到最依赖它的人们手上——以线上平台来说即是其用户。共同所有权的机制可能是合作社、信托,甚至是加密令牌。当退场流程结束,社群就可能拥有整个公司,或仅仅掌握其中大部分的所有权就可以有所作为。这些选择有助于防止困扰着当今最成功的风险投资新创企业的大规模问责危机。

When a startup company takes early investment, typically the expectation is that everyone is working toward one of two “exit” events: selling the company to a bigger company or selling to retail investors in an initial public offering. This talk explores strategies that could help create a new option for startups: Exit to community. In E2C, the company would transition from investor ownership to ownership by the people who rely on it most—in the case of an online platform, its users. The mechanism for co-ownership might be a cooperative, a trust, or even crypto-tokens. The community might own the whole company when the process is over, or just a substantial-enough part of it to make a difference. These kinds of options could help prevent the massive accountability crises that now beset today’s most successful venture-backed startups.

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