Profile 网络社会年会

第四届网络社会年会-网民21报告人奥莉薇雅·索利斯 | 剥削取证

奥莉薇雅·索利斯是一位信息设计师、研究者以及Sharelabs的活跃合作者,她目前的工作主要是为不同组织带入数字解方。Sharelabs是一个赛尔维亚的研究与数据调查小组,探索当代科技与社会的交会。

Olivia Solis is an information designer, and researcher. Her current work mainly focuses on bringing digital solutions to different organizations. She is an active collaborator at Sharelabs, a research and data investigation group that explores the intersection of technology and society in the current times. 

演讲摘要

“剥削取证”是一组地图和文件,这些地图和文件是SHARE lab在过去几年的调查的结果。这些地图将帮助我们探索当代技术黑匣子及其分形供应链不可见的面向,揭示各种形式的隐藏劳动以及对物质资源和数据的利用。

有许多理由使我们应该对Facebook的算法工厂中所隐匿的黑匣子感兴趣。比如他们中介并记录我们的每一次互动,以及我们最私密的个人交流、行为和活动。 在这些隐性的墙内,算法每时每刻都会决定哪些信息将出现在我们的信息领域中,什么样的内容将成为我们现实的一部分,以及什么将被审查或删除。 不仅如此,这些黑匣子还定义了新的劳动和剥削形式,一方面它为拥有和控制生产资料的所有者创造了巨大的财富和权力,另一方面使得使用者经常生活在贫困线以下,这样就在拥有者与使用者在之间造成了巨大的经济差距。在Facebook算法机器的各个层次中,隐藏着一些潜在的侵犯人权的新形式,这种新形式的剥削方式与操纵机制每天影响着数十亿人。

我们每台联网设备和构成这些系统的庞大网络基础设施,在分形生产链,资源开发和能源消耗的无形立面背后都隐藏着许多有趣的故事。隐藏在无形限制区域中的无形劳动——从外包公司数据挖掘的深坑到全球数字劳动的无形工作空间——是AI系统解剖学的关注焦点。通过Amazon Alexa这个集中式的人工智能系统,我们的调查地图将引导观者经历网络设备之诞生、存在、死亡,展示其延伸的解剖结构和各种形式的利用方式。

Exploitation Forensics

Exploitation Forensics is a collection of maps and documents created as a result of investigations conducted in the last few years by the SHARE Lab. The maps will help us to explore the invisible layers of contemporary technological black boxes and their fractal supply chains, exposing various forms of hidden labour and the exploitation of material resources and data.

There are many reasons why we should be interested in the black boxes hidden within Facebook algorithmic factory. They mediate and record our every interaction, our deepest personal communications, our behaviour and our activities. Within these invisible walls, in every moment algorithms decide which information will appear in our infosphere, what kind of content will become part of our reality and what will be censored or deleted. Moreover, these black boxes have defined new forms of labour and exploitation and have generated an enormous amount of wealth and power for the owners of the invisible immaterial factories, creating a large economic gap between those who own and control the means of production and the users who often live below the poverty line. Somewhere hidden deep under the layers of Facebook’s algorithmic machines are new forms of potential human rights violations, new forms of exploitation and mechanisms of manipulation that influence billions of people each day.

Each of our networked devices and the vast Internet infrastructure that constitutes those systems, hide many interesting stories behind the invisible layers of fractal production chains, exploitation of resources and energy consumption. Invisible labour hidden within invisible restricted locations – from the deep mine holes over the office boxes of outsourced companies to the invisible working spaces of digital labour around the globe – is the focus of interest of Anatomy of an AI system. The maps will guide visitors through the birth, life and death of one networked device, based on a centralized artificial intelligence system, Amazon Alexa, exposing its extended anatomy and various forms of exploitation.

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