Profile 网络社会年会

迈克尔·E·贾第纳 | 21世纪式无聊?列斐伏尔、比弗和符号资本主义转向

第二屆网络社会年会 與會者讲题简介



迈克尔·E·贾第纳( Michael E. Gardiner )

Michael E. Gardiner is Professor of Sociology, with a joint appointment at the Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism, at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. Some of his current research interests include the political economy of affective life, the everyday, and utopianism. He is author of numerous articles that have appeared in such journals as Theory, Culture & Society, Theory and Society, and The European Legacy. His most recent books include Weak Messianism: Essays in Everyday Utopianism (Peter Lang, 2013) and Boredom Studies Reader: Frameworks and Perspectives, co-edited with Julian Jason Haladyn (Routledge, 2017).

迈克尔·E·贾第纳 是一位社会学教授,是理论与批判研究中心( Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism)和加拿大西安大略大学的合聘教授。他最近的研究兴趣包括情感生活、日常生活和乌托邦主义的政治经济学。他的多篇论文发表在《理论》、《文化与社会》、《理论与社会》和《欧洲遗产》等期刊。他最近的著作包括《弱弥赛亚:论日常的乌托邦主义》(皮特朗出版社,2013)和与朱利·安杰森·哈莱迪(Julian Jason Haladyn)《无聊研究读本:研究框架及视角》(劳特里奇出版社,2017)。

21st-century boredom? Lefebvre, Bifo and the semiocapitalist turn

This talk will focus on a feature of Henri Lefebvre’s ‘critique of everyday life’: that of boredom. For him, it is a touchstone through which to grasp wider anxieties, sociocultural changes, and subjective crises intrinsic to modernity. Lefebvre, however, did not analyse this phenomenon systematically, treating it in elliptical and contradictory ways. Moreover, his ‘sociology of boredom’ is rooted in a ‘Fordist’ capitalism marked by repetitive industrial labour and standardized mass consumption. Yet, if boredom, understood as a tangible if characteristically ambivalent (and ambient) affect, relates symptomatically to particular modalities of capitalist production, exchange, and valorization, is there a specifically 21st-century boredom expressive of today’s hyper-networked ‘communicative’ capitalism? If so, Lefebvre’s thoughts on boredom need to be supplemented by intellectual developments more attuned to current circumstances – for us, the Autonomist thought of Franco (‘Bifo’) Berardi and others. Autonomism demonstrates that the full gamut of workers’ linguistic, cognitive, and affective capacities, in the context of what Bifo terms ‘semiocapitalism’, are now utilized through digitalized communicative networks of global scope in the service of capital accumulation. Concomitantly, the very formation of subjectivity itself, as manifested in boredom, has become a privileged terrain of class struggle.