Profile 网络社会年会

迈克尔·E·贾第纳 | 21世纪式无聊?列斐伏尔、比弗和符号资本主义转向

第二屆网络社会年会 與會者讲题简介

 

 

迈克尔·E·贾第纳( Michael E. Gardiner )

Michael E. Gardiner is Professor of Sociology, with a joint appointment at the Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism, at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. Some of his current research interests include the political economy of affective life, the everyday, and utopianism. He is author of numerous articles that have appeared in such journals as Theory, Culture & Society, Theory and Society, and The European Legacy. His most recent books include Weak Messianism: Essays in Everyday Utopianism (Peter Lang, 2013) and Boredom Studies Reader: Frameworks and Perspectives, co-edited with Julian Jason Haladyn (Routledge, 2017).

迈克尔·E·贾第纳 是一位社会学教授,是理论与批判研究中心( Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism)和加拿大西安大略大学的合聘教授。他最近的研究兴趣包括情感生活、日常生活和乌托邦主义的政治经济学。他的多篇论文发表在《理论》、《文化与社会》、《理论与社会》和《欧洲遗产》等期刊。他最近的著作包括《弱弥赛亚:论日常的乌托邦主义》(皮特朗出版社,2013)和与朱利·安杰森·哈莱迪(Julian Jason Haladyn)《无聊研究读本:研究框架及视角》(劳特里奇出版社,2017)。


21st-century boredom? Lefebvre, Bifo and the semiocapitalist turn
21世纪式无聊?列斐伏尔、比弗和符号资本主义转向

This talk will focus on a feature of Henri Lefebvre’s ‘critique of everyday life’: that of boredom. For him, it is a touchstone through which to grasp wider anxieties, sociocultural changes, and subjective crises intrinsic to modernity. Lefebvre, however, did not analyse this phenomenon systematically, treating it in elliptical and contradictory ways. Moreover, his ‘sociology of boredom’ is rooted in a ‘Fordist’ capitalism marked by repetitive industrial labour and standardized mass consumption. Yet, if boredom, understood as a tangible if characteristically ambivalent (and ambient) affect, relates symptomatically to particular modalities of capitalist production, exchange, and valorization, is there a specifically 21st-century boredom expressive of today’s hyper-networked ‘communicative’ capitalism? If so, Lefebvre’s thoughts on boredom need to be supplemented by intellectual developments more attuned to current circumstances – for us, the Autonomist thought of Franco (‘Bifo’) Berardi and others. Autonomism demonstrates that the full gamut of workers’ linguistic, cognitive, and affective capacities, in the context of what Bifo terms ‘semiocapitalism’, are now utilized through digitalized communicative networks of global scope in the service of capital accumulation. Concomitantly, the very formation of subjectivity itself, as manifested in boredom, has become a privileged terrain of class struggle.

这一演讲将聚焦在列斐伏尔”日常生活批判“的一个特性上:无聊。对他而言,无聊问题是把握内在于现代性的广泛焦虑、社会文化转变和主体危机的试金石。然而列斐伏尔并没有系统性地分析这一现象,而是以隐晦、矛盾的方式处理它。而且他”关于无聊的社会学“基于“福特式”资本主义,其特征是重复的工业劳动和标准化的大众消费。无聊是一种真实的情感,尽管它的特点是矛盾的(浸入式的),假如它是某种特定的资本主义生产、交换和价值化模式的症候,那么是否有一种表现在我们今天超网络化的“通讯”资本主义下的21世纪式无聊?假使如此,列斐伏尔对无聊的思考就需要能响应当前境遇的智识发展来补充——对我们而言,这种补充来自于佛朗哥(‘比弗’)贝拉尔迪和其他人的自主论思想。自主论表明工人的所有语言、认知和情感能力在比弗所谓的“符号资本主义”之下都被全球范围的数码化通讯网络用于促进资本积累。与此同时,在无聊中展现出的主体性构造已成为阶级斗争的最前线。

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